Unemployment Tax in the Nonprofit Sector
by Tom Yamachika, President, Tax Foundation Hawaii
Two weeks ago, in this space, we discussed the unemployment tax and insurance system and how employers are likely to be hit with a significant and automatic rate increase at the end of this year.
For many nonprofit employers, the system works differently. Tax-exempt 501(c)(3) charities (like the Tax Foundation of Hawaii) may “self-insure” against unemployment claims. That means a nonprofit sector employer doesn’t need to pay the unemployment tax that for-profit employers need to pay, but if a nonprofit sector employee gets laid off and makes an unemployment claim that the State pays, the State bills the employer and doesn’t take the money out of its unemployment insurance trust fund. Some of the larger nonprofits have cash reserves and can pay the bill. Others buy unemployment insurance from insurance companies selling only to the nonprofit sector and find that their premiums are quite a bit less because they are not sharing losses with high-cost seasonal businesses.
With employees in the nonprofit sector dropping like flies just as in the private sector, nonprofits have good news and bad news. The good news is that the huge rate increase that is likely to hit at the end of the year won’t affect them. The bad news is that they need to get out their checkbooks now to pay the unemployment claims that they are being charged with.
One provision of the CARES Act, section 2103, is supposed to help with that situation. It says that the federal government is going to cover half of the unemployment benefit costs that self-insured employers need to pay to the State for weeks of unemployment beginning on or after March 13, 2020 and ending on or before December 31, 2020. But, according to the U.S. Department of Labor, the employer needs to pay DLIR first, the federal government reimburses half the cost, and then DLIR then repays or credits the employer for the federal money received. (The CARES Act says that the state workforce agency can’t use the money for any purpose other than reimbursing the employers, so it can’t keep the money.) The trouble is that these reimbursement processes “take a while,” and by the time the State receives the federal funds and gets around to repaying the nonprofit employer, the employer either may have closed for good or may be overwhelmed with penalties and interest if they couldn’t pay the full amount of the unemployment benefits when they were billed.
When I spoke with the Employer Services Section at the DLIR, the good folks there were aware of the federal provision but hadn’t yet received guidance from their leadership on how the State was going to implement it. (Translation: They either haven’t figured out what to do or haven’t yet been convinced that they have to do anything.)
I can’t help but wonder if the DLIR feels like it is being forced to do something it doesn’t want. It’s certainly more work for DLIR to keep tabs on its self-insured employers, put together claims to the federal government, and then dole out the money to the employers when the federal money appears. DLIR doesn’t get separately paid to do that. And it does seem that they already have their hands full fighting the backlog on individual unemployment claimants.
DLIR, please hang in there. The public needs you and the nonprofits do too!